Online Guide: ADD/ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are two conditions that can affect an individual's ability to focus on certain tasks. Both ADD and ADHD are characterized by inattentiveness, but ADHD also includes a component of overactivity or impulsivity. ADD and ADHD are commonly diagnosed during childhood. These conditions affect approximately 5 percent of school-aged children. Both conditions are more commonly diagnosed in boys than in girls. Both ADHD and ADD tend to run in families, so doctors believe there may be a genetic component to the condition.

Doctors are not entirely sure of the cause of ADHD. However, they believe that it begins early in brain development. Studies of the brains of children who have ADD or ADHD indicate that the brains of those with condition operate differently than normal. In some cases, doctors make mistake tic disorders, learning disabilities, or depression for ADD or ADHD. These conditions may also occur with ADD or ADHD. ADD and ADHD may also occur alongside bipolar disorder or depression.

The symptoms of ADD and ADHD include failing to pay attention to schoolwork, inability to listen and follow instructions, and difficulty organizing activities and tasks. In most cases, children with ADD or ADHD cannot focus during work or play. They are easily distracted, forgetful, and frequently lose things. Children with ADHD may also fidget, squirm, run or climb in inappropriate situations, and talk excessively.

Organizations

Attention Deficit Disorder Association: The ADDA is the world's most prominent adult ADHD organization. It exists to provide information and resources to individuals suffering from ADHD.


Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: CHADD is a non-profit organization that serves children and adults who suffer from ADHD. There are 200 chapters in the United States. 


Attention Deficit Disorders Association: This organization provides resources and support to all individuals affected by ADD or ADHD.


National Resource Center on ADHD: This organization's website provides extensive information about ADHD's symptoms, causes, and treatment. You can also find ADHD and ADD-related news on this website.


CHADD Canada: This is the website of the Canada branch of CHADD. CHADD Canada is a charitable organization that exists to support individuals with ADD or ADHD and improve their lives. 

In the News

NICHCY Paper: The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities published this paper to provide readers with basic information about ADD and ADHD.


Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: This is WebMD's page of information on ADHD.


Center of Disease Control: The CDC published this in-depth information about ADD and ADHD.


ADHD: The University of Maryland Medical Center's information about ADHD's symptoms, causes, and treatments is found on this page.


American Speech Language Hearing Association: This page contains in-depth information about these disorders as published by ASHA.


PubMed Health: This page includes information about ADHD from the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia.


ADDvance: This is a website dedicated to providing information to parents of children with ADD or ADHD.


One ADD Place: One ADD Place exists to provide one-stop resources for individuals affected by ADHD or ADD.

For Kids

ADHD: This is a page that explains ADHD in a way that kids can understand.


Attention Deficit Disorder Test: This site provides a quiz kids can take to determine if they may have ADD.


ADHD Resources: This page contains resources for kids and teens who deal with ADHD on a daily basis.


Kids Like Me with ADHD: This is a page designed to provide multiple resources to children coping with ADHD.


Spark Top: Spark Top's interactive ADHD lessons are found on this page.


For Teachers

Strategies for Teaching Students with ADHD: This page provides tips to tailor instruction to ADHD students.


ADD Resources for Teachers: This site includes articles and printable teaching materials for teachers of students with ADHD or ADD.


ADD Resources: This article describes the "ten commandments" for teaching kids with ADHD.


Classroom Behavioral Support: An article that describes classroom management for students with ADHD can be found here.


Teach ADHD: This site offers articles and videos to help teachers of students with ADD or ADHD.


ADHD Resources: This page includes resources for teachers of kids with ADHD such as curriculum ideas, teaching tips, and more.



For Parents

Teens with ADHD: This page provides links to articles with tips for parents of teens with ADHD.


Wright's Law: Wright's Law's information on disciplining children with disabilities such as ADHD is found on this page.


Family Education: This page presents information about ADHD as it applies to the parents of children with the disorder.


ADD/ADHD Parenting Tips: This is a page with parenting tips for parents dealing with kids who suffer from one of these conditions.

ADD and Parents: Multiple resources for parents of children with ADD can be found on this page.

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